Hogeschool van Amsterdam

Intelligent Data-driven Optimisation of Charging Infrastructure

Charging free floating shared cars in metropolitan areas


This paper analyses the effect of two new developments: electrification and ‘free floating’ car sharing and their impact on public space. Contrary to station based shared cars, free floating cars do not have dedicated parking or charging stations. They therefore park at public parking spots and utilize public charging stations. A proper network of public charging stations is therefore required in order to keep the free floating fleet up and running. As more municipalities are considering the introduction of an electric free floating car sharing system, the outline of such a public charging network becomes a critical piece of information. The objective of this paper is to create insights that can optimize charging infrastructure for free floating shared cars, by presenting three analyses. First, a business area analysis shows an insight into which business areas are of interest to such a system. Secondly, the parking and charging behaviour of the vehicles is further examined. The third option looks deeper into the locations and their success factors. Finally, the results of the analysis of the city of Amsterdam are used to model the city of The Hague and the impact that a free floating electric car sharing system might have on the city and which areas are the white spots that need to be filled in.

Reference van der Poel , G., Tensen, T., van Goeverden, T., & van den Hoed, R. (2017). Charging free floating shared cars in metropolitan areas. Paper presented at 30th International Battery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Symposium, Stuttgart, Germany.
Published by  IDO-Laad 1 January 2017

Publication date

Jan 2017


Gijs van der Poel
Tim Tensen
Tom van Goeverden
Robert van den Hoed
Gijs van der Poel


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